Nanocarbon Photonics and Optoelectronicsстатья

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Дата последнего поиска статьи во внешних источниках: 26 февраля 2018 г.

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[1] Obraztsov A. N. Nanocarbon photonics and optoelectronics // Physica Status Solidi (B): Basic Research. — 2018. — Vol. 255. — P. 1870105. Similar to other 'light’ elements carbon is widely spread in the Universe and especially in our Solar system. At the same time a unique peculiarity of carbon atoms consists in their ability to form at normal conditions condensed matter of very different structure and morphology. Crystalline diamond and graphite, amorphous coal and soot have been knownandwidely used for centuries. New forms of carbon material have been obtained artificially relatively recently. Nowadays it seems strange that the first reports about the synthesis of these new forms as well as about finding their natural analogs did not attract significant attention. However,the situation has changed with the increased interest in nanostructured materials, when many of these carbon modifications were reopened as ‘nanocarbons’ including fullerenes, carbon nano- tubes and, finally, graphene. In addition to their geometrically perfect shapes these nanocarbons demonstrate a unique diversity of properties resulting from the wide variation of possible combinations of characteristics which span from purely ‘graphitic’ to purely ‘diamond’. Important peculiarities of these materials also result from the single-atom structure of graphene which is the main building element of most of the nanocarbons. [ DOI ]

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