Regulation of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPAR) α and -γ of rat brain astrocytes in the course of activation by toll-like receptor agonistsстатья

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Дата последнего поиска статьи во внешних источниках: 9 октября 2015 г.

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[1] Regulation of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (ppar) α and -γ of rat brain astrocytes in the course of activation by toll-like receptor agonists / D. V. Chistyakov, S. E. Aleshin, A. A. Astakhova et al. // Journal of Neurochemistry. — 2015. — Vol. 134, no. 1. — P. 113–124. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPAR)-α and -γ in astrocytes play important roles in inflammatory brain pathologies. Understanding the regulation of both activity and expression levels of PPARs is an important neuroscience issue. Toll-like receptor (TLR) agonists are inflammatory stimuli that could modulate PPAR, but the mechanisms of their control in astrocytes are poorly understood. In the present study, we report that lipopolysaccharide, peptidoglycan, and flagellin, which are agonists of TLR4, TLR1/2 and TLR5, respectively, exert time- and NF-κB-dependent suppression of mRNA, protein and activity of PPARα and PPARγ. In naïve astrocytes, PPARα and PPARγ mRNA have short turnover time (half-life about 30 min for PPARα, 75 min for PPARγ) with a nearly two-fold stabilization after TLR-activation. p38 inhibition abolished TLR-induced stabilization. The levels of PPARα and PPARγ mRNA and protein- and DNA-binding activity could be modified using JNK and p38 inhibitors. In addition, the expression levels of both PPARα and PPARγ isotypes were induced after inhibition of protein synthesis. This induction signifies participation of additional regulatory proteins with short life-time. They are p38-sensitive for PPARα and JNK-sensitive for PPARγ. Thus, PPARα and PPARγ are regulated in astrocytes on mRNA and protein levels, mRNA stability, and DNA-binding activity during TLR-mediated responses. [ DOI ]

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