Biochemical and Molecular Phylogenetic Study of Agriculturally Useful Association of a Nitrogen-Fixing Cyanobacterium and Nodule Sinorhizobium with Medicago sativa Lстатья

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1. Полный текст 202597.pdf 2,0 МБ 1 сентября 2017 [oa-koksharova@rambler.ru]

[1] Biochemical and molecular phylogenetic study of agriculturally useful association of a nitrogen-fixing cyanobacterium and nodule sinorhizobium with medicago sativa l / E. V. Karaushu, I. V. Lazebnaya, T. R. Kravzova et al. // BioMed Research International. — 2015. — P. –Article ID 202597. Seed inoculation with bacterial consortium was found to increase legume yield, providing a higher growth than the standard nitrogen treatment methods. Alfalfa plants were inoculated by mono- and binary compositions of nitrogen-fixing microorganisms. Their physiological and biochemical properties were estimated. Inoculation by microbial consortium of Sinorhizobium meliloti T17 together with a new cyanobacterial isolate Nostoc PTV was more efficient than the single rhizobium strain inoculation. This treatment provides an intensification of the processes of biological nitrogen fixation by rhizobia bacteria in the root nodules and an intensification of plant photosynthesis. Inoculation by bacterial consortium stimulates growth of plant mass and rhizogenesis and leads to increased productivity of alfalfa and to improving the amino acid composition of plant leaves. The full nucleotide sequence of the rRNA gene cluster and partial sequence of the dinitrogenase reductase (nifH) gene of Nostoc PTV were deposited to GenBank (JQ259185.1, JQ259186.1). Comparison of these gene sequences of Nostoc PTV with all sequences present at the GenBank shows that this cyanobacterial strain does not have 100% identity with any organisms investigated previously. Phylogenetic analysis showed that this cyanobacterium clustered with high credibility values with Nostoc muscorum. Gene transfer of transposon bearing plasmid DNA has been shown for cyanobacterium Nostoc PTV. It makes this strain very attractive model for future genetic and physiological experiments and biotechnological applications. [ DOI ]

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