Nonlinear Soil Behavior at the Kashiwazaki-Kariwa Nuclear Power Plant During the Niigata Chuetsu-Oki Earthquakeстатья

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[1] Pavlenko O. V., Irikura K. Nonlinear soil behavior at the kashiwazaki-kariwa nuclear power plant during the niigata chuetsu-oki earthquake // Pure and Applied Geophysics. — 2012. — Vol. 169, no. 10. — P. 1777–1800. Records of the Niigata Chuetsu-Oki earthquake (July, 16, 2007, Mw = 6.6, depth ∼17 km) and its aftershocks from seismic vertical arrays deployed at the territory of the Kashiwazaki-Kariwa nuclear power plant (∼15 km from the fault) are used to study the soil behavior down to ∼250 m during strong ground motion. Nonlinear models of soil behavior during the main shock and six aftershocks are constructed, and stresses and strains induced by the strong motion in the soil layers at various depths are estimated. The data are processed using the method developed by Pavlenko and Irikura (Bull Seismol Soc Am 96(6): 2131–2145, 2003) and previously applied for studying the soil behavior in near-fault zones during the 1995 Kobe and 2000 Tottori earthquakes. A rather good agreement between the recorded and simulated acceleration time histories testifies to the validity of the obtained vertical distributions of stresses and strains in soil layers. In the upper, softer layers (∼45 m) at the territory of the plant, the shear moduli were reduced by ∼30–35% during the main shock and by ∼1.5–3% during the aftershocks. The constructed models of soil behavior can be used in scenario earthquake shaking maps of Japan where, based on source modeling parameters, the level of strong motion can be evaluated for the territory of the power plant in future earthquakes with various magnitudes and fault planes. Using methods of stochastic finite-fault modeling of ground motions from the Chuetsu-Oki earthquake, we estimated input motion to the soil layers during the main shock and found that it differs from the imposed motion (recorded by the deepest sensor of the vertical array) by slightly decreased (by a factor of ∼1.2) low-frequency (f < 10 Hz) spectral components.

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