Characteristics of Soil Response in Near-Fault Zones During the 1999 Chi-Chi, Taiwan, Earthquakeстатья

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[1] Pavlenko O. V. Characteristics of soil response in near-fault zones during the 1999 chi-chi, taiwan, earthquake // Pure and Applied Geophysics. — 2008. — Vol. 165. — P. 1789–1812. Distribution of parameters characterizing soil response during the 1999 Chi-Chi, Taiwan, earthquake (Mw = 7.6) around the fault plane is studied. The results of stochastic finite-fault simulations performed in PAVLENKO and WEN (2008) and constructed models of soil behavior at 31 soil sites were used for the estimation of amplification of seismic waves in soil layers, average stresses, strains, and shear moduli reduction in the upper 30 m of soil, as well as nonlinear components of soil response during the Chi-Chi earthquake. Amplification factors were found to increase with increasing distance from the fault (or, with decreasing the level of ‘‘input’’ motion to soil layers), whereas average stresses and strains, shear moduli reduction, and nonlinear components of soil response decrease with distance as ∼r-1. The area of strong nonlinearity, where soil behavior is substantially nonlinear (the content of nonlinear components in soil response is more than ∼40–50% of the intensity of the response), and spectra of oscillations on the surface take the smoothed form close to E(f) ∼ f -n, is located within *20–25 km from the fault plane (∼1/4 of its length). Nonlinearity decreases with increasing distance from the fault, and at ∼40–50 km from the fault (∼1/2 of the fault length), soil response becomes virtually linear. Comparing soil behavior in near-fault zones during the 1999 Chi-Chi, the 1995 Kobe (Mw = 6.8), and the 2000 Tottori (Japan) (Mw = 6.7) earthquakes, we found similarity in the behavior of similar soils and predominance of the hard type of soil behavior. Resonant phenomena in upper soil layers were observed at many studied sites; however, during the Chi-Chi earthquake they involved deeper layers (down to ∼40–60 m) than during lesser-magnitude Kobe and Tottori earthquakes. [ DOI ]

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