Новые подходы к эколого-геоморфологическому картографированиюстатья

Работа с статьей


[1] Новые подходы к эколого-геоморфологическому картографированию / А. В. Кошкарев, Э. А. Лихачева, Л. А. Некрасова и др. // Ландшафтоведение: теория, методы, ландшафтно-экологическое обеспечение природопользования и устойчивого развития : материалы XII Международной ландшафтной конференции, Тюмень-Тобольск, 22-25 августа 2017 г. : в 3 т / Под ред. К. Н. Дьяконов, К. Н. Дьяконов, К. А. Мерекалова, Т. И. Харитонова. — Т. 1. — Издательство Тюменского государственного университета Тюмень, 2017. — С. 200–203. The new types of resistance and stability maps are proposed in the article: 1. Humanimpactresistance of the natural morpholithosystem (the maps of geomorphological and geological hazards based on the strength properties of soils, morphometric and morphodynamic characteristics of relief, resistance to the static, dynamic, thermal, chemical, electric influence); 2. Natural disasters resistance of the anthropogenic–geomorphological system (the danger and hazards maps of flood, mudflow, rockfall and talus, tornado, hurricane, earthquake and others natural disasters considering their frequency and extreme (catastrophic) characteristics based on monitoring and modeling data.The maps of ecologic-geomorphological restrictions); 3.Stability of the anthropogenic–geomorphological relations supporting functioning of the system (functional stability) (the maps of relief transformation and manifestations of the natural- anthropogenic processes based on the information on the land use type, properties and thickness of technogenic deposits, geodetic monitoring of vertical movements of the earth and negative process monitoring on the developed lands including urban areas). 4.Stability of spatial organization of geomorphological and anthropogenic–geomorphological systems (structural stability) (the maps of spatial distribution of different types of anthropogenic –geomorphological systems with determining of ‘contact interaction zones” and “critical development nodes”.The maps of habitation safety, possible damages and losses).Antroposphere monitoring should track constantly and systematically the state of the developed lands and provide the data necessary for running of the land and ecological structuring of the country, region, city. The source data list for assessment of anthropogenic transformation of relief and relief-forming processes is developed, which could also serve as a basis for the territory geomorphological development forecast. The forecast is performed using the techniques of mathematical and cartographic modeling and GIS analysis. The three-dimensional modeling providing representation of relief facilitates assessment of the characteristic features and degree of anthropogenic transformation as well as modeling of anthropogenic (technogenic) relief.

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