Pathways of hydrogen photoproduction by immobilized Chlamydomonas reinhardtii cells deprived of sulfurстатья

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[1] Pathways of hydrogen photoproduction by immobilized chlamydomonas reinhardtii cells deprived of sulfur / T. K. Antal, D. N. Matorin, G. P. Kukarskikh et al. // International Journal of Hydrogen Energy. — 2014. — Vol. 39. — P. 18194–18203. Abstract The green algae Сhlamydomonas reinhardtii entrapped in a thin alginate film have been shown to sustain elevated rates of hydrogen photoproduction under anaerobic incubation in sulfur/phosphorus depleted tris-acetate medium. In the present work we studied mechanisms, underlying hydrogen photoproduction by the immobilized culture, particularly, the roles of PSII and starch accumulation/breakdown. DCMU, a specific inhibitor of electron transport in PSII, is known to suppress hydrogen evolution by circa 80% in suspension cultures of S-deprived C. reinhardtii. In immobilized cells DCMU caused successive stimulatory and inhibitory effects on hydrogen photoproduction, both depending on the deprivation status of the algal cell. The inhibitory effect of DCMU was 25% at 70 h of S deficiency when maximal rates of hydrogen photoproduction were observed. Measurements of the light-induced prompt and delayed chlorophyll fluorescence transients and reflectance at 820 nm (P700 redox transitions) revealed very rapid decline of PSII activity in the entrapped S-deprived cells as compared with the suspension culture, whereas PSI suffered less. The immobilized culture showed a high capacity to accumulate starch during early stages of S deprivation and relatively high rates of anaerobic starch degradation during the following hydrogen evolution period. DCMU partly inhibited starch breakdown. Results of the present work brought us to the conclusion that PSII-independent pathway of hydrogen evolution is elevated in the immobilized S-deprived cells rather due to the rapid inactivation of PSII, efficient starch catabolism and non-photochemical PQ reduction. [ DOI ]

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