Geoarchaeology of Taman Peninsula (SW Russia) – the example of the ancient Greek settlement of Golubitskaya 2статья

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Дата последнего поиска статьи во внешних источниках: 18 июля 2013 г.

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[1] Geoarchaeology of taman peninsula (sw russia) – the example of the ancient greek settlement of golubitskaya 2 /  Kelterbaum,  D,  Brückner et al. // Die Erde. — 2011. — Vol. 142, no. 3. — P. 235–258. This study focuses on the Middle and Late Holocene evolution of the northern Taman Peninsula (SW Russia) since 5,000 cal BC. By then, the postglacial transgression had created an archipelago. During the following three millennia, the continued sea level rise eroded steep interior cliffs. These primary coasts were later separated from the sea by the formation of beach barrier – lagoon systems. Thus, the former islands were connected with each other, finally forming the Taman Peninsula. In particular, the palaeogeographic evolution of the area around Golubitskaya 2 is reconstructed. When Greek colonists founded this settlement in the 6th century BC, it was on a promontory which had still good access to the Sea of Azov and to the Kuban river mouth. During the 4th to 2nd centuries BC, a beach barrier evolved out of a former sand spit which cut off the navigable access to the sea. This was possibly the main reason for the abandonment of the city. The timeframe for the chronology of events is given by 14C age estimates as well as archaeological and historical evidence.

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