The Hazard of a Two-Level Synergism of Synecological Summation of Anthropogenic Effectsстатья

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[1] Ostroumov S. A. The hazard of a two-level synergism of synecological summation of anthropogenic effects // Doklady Biological Sciences. — 2001. — Vol. 380. — P. 499–501. Статья вводит в науку новые термины: двухуровневый синергизм, синэкологическое суммирование антропогенных воздействий. The hazard of a two-level synergism of synecological summation of anthropogenic effects. -Doklady Biological Sciences, 2001, Volume 380, Numbers 1-6, p. 499-501. The author identified a new type of ecological hazard of anthropogenic impact (using chemical pollution as an example), which he proposed to term “synecological summation” or “synergistic summation” of anthropogenic effects on organisms of two adjacent trophic levels. In the paper, the hazard was found that even relatively mild influences on organisms of two adjacent trophic levels may eventually produce a synergistic, pronounced and definitely undesirable effect that will lead to an abnormal increase in the abundance of organisms of one of the trophic levels. The concrete examples of synergism were found when anthropogenic impacts affected organisms of two adjacent trophic levels (bivalves and algae). Bioeffects were described of the action of synthetic detergent Vesna (1 mg/l) on oysters Crassostrea gigas, detergent IXI (10 mg/l) on mussels Mytilus galloprovincialis, detergent Tide-Lemon (50 mg/l) on M. galloprovincialis. The danger of simultaneous influence of contamination of environment (e.g., by detergents) on organisms of the two trophic levels may occur when the polluting chemicals produce effects on algae and bivalves that are filter-feeders. [MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica, distributed by Springer Science+Business Media LLC.; ISSN 0012-4966 (Print) 1608-3105 (Online)] DOI 10.1023/A:1012348127085; http://sites.google.com/site/2001dbs380p499synerg/. [ DOI ]

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