Biological filters are an important part of the biosphereстатья

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[1] Ostroumov S. A. Biological filters are an important part of the biosphere // Science in Russia. — 2009. — Vol. 2. — P. 30–36. Ostroumov S.A. Biological filters are an important part of the biosphere // Science in Russia. 2009. No. 2, p. 30-36. http://www.scribd.com/doc/84318765/Biological-Filters-Are-an-Important-Part-of-the-Biosphere http://www.scribd.com/doc/56828623/; Biological filters are an important part of the biosphere: http://sites.google.com/site/ostroumovsa/ostroumov-sa-biological-filters-are-an-important-part-of-the-biosphere–science-in-russia-2009–2-p-30-36; The reference to the publication: Ostroumov S.A. Biological filters are an important part of the biosphere // Science in Russia. 2009. No. 2, p. 30-36. English abstract with the site of the full text of the English edition of the journal with this paper that reviews the multi-year research of aquatic organisms that are filter-feeders by Dr. Sergei Ostroumov in U.K., Russia, Ukraine, and other countries. ** Ostroumov S.A. Biological filters are an important part of the biosphere // Science in Russia. 2009. No. 2. P. 30-36. [The journal 'Science in Russia' is published by The Presidium of Russian Academy of Sciences, both in English and in Russian; Nauka Publishers, Moscow; ISSN 0869-7078. www.ras.ru, ©Russian Academy of Sciences Presidium; Editor-in-Chief: Professor Academician Rem Petrov; among the members of the Editorial Board: President of the Russian Academy of Sciences; ex-President of the Academy; ex-President of Moscow State University; Vice-Presidents of the Academy.] ** BIOLOGICAL FILTERS ARE AN IMPORTANT PART OF THE BIOSPHERE. S.A. Ostroumov. ** Abstract: Studies of ecology of living organisms lead to a more profound understanding of the intricate processes of the Earth’s biosphere functioning. The mankind is still far from establishing harmonious relations with it. However, permanently progressing destruction of natural complexes by the technogenic civilization necessitates some new revolutionary approaches to their preservation. That is why it is so important to study the relationships and interactions between living organisms. One of the most important roles in this “orchestra” is played by numerous invertebrates which filter the water and improve water quality. The paper answers the question: To what degree chemical pollutants modify and endanger their capacity to do this vital ecosystems service? ** KEY WORDS: filter-feeders, suspension feeders, bivalves, Mercenaria mercenaria, synthetic surfactants, substances that inhibit the filtration activity, mussels, Mytilus edulis, Dr. Peter Donkin, grant proposal, European Environmental Research Organization, algae, Isochrysis galbana, mussels Mytilus edulis, anionic surfactant, sodium dodecyl sulphate, SDS, tetradecyltrimethylammonium bromide, cationic surfactant, TDTMA, turbidostat; culture, rotifers, Brachionus calyciflorus, feeding on algae, Nannochloropsis limnetica, ecotoxicological, hydrobiological, management considerations, water quality, biosphere, global change, V.I.Vernadsky, pelagic, benthic, systems, ecosystem's biomachinery, water quality, self-purification, aquatic, systems, suspended matter, faeces, pseudofaeces, nutrient cycling, water column, benthic habitats, Suspension-feeders, natural, remediation, negative, anthropogenic, impacts, new, effects, pollutants, filtration rates, Solyaris, Tarkovsky, Stanislav Lem, Academy of Sciences of Moldova, Black Sea, Crimea, Sevastopol, Santa Fe, ASLO, SIL, Berlin, Plymouth Marine Laboratory, Coulter counter, zebra mussels, Dreissena, heavy metals, carbon biogeochemistry, phytoremediation, combating pollution, synecology, theoretical, ecology, biology, sustainable development, stability, regulation, limnology, biological oceanography, environmental safety, mariculture, oysters, how much water do the mollusks that inhabit 1 m2 of the bottom area filter during one day (24 h)?, ecological chemoregulators, ecological chemomediators, toxins, pheromones, antifeedants, decreasing, trophic activity, animals, phytoecdisones, carbon transfer, atmospheric CO2 , dissolved CO2 , photosynthesis, ecotechnologies, reducing, hazards, chemical pollution, University of Georgia, U.S. Environment Protection Agency, phytotechnology, polluted water, macrophytes, higher plants, ** http://sites.google.com/site/ostroumovsa/ostroumov-sa-biological-filters-are-an-important-part-of-the-biosphere–science-in-russia-2009–2-p-30-36; see also: http://scipeople.ru/users/2943391/ ** There is a Russian edition of this journal, with a Russian text of the paper.

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