Sulfatides inhibit leukotriene synthesis in human polymorphonuclear granulocytes by a mechanism involving lipid rearrangement in intracellular membranesстатья

Статья опубликована в высокорейтинговом журнале

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Дата последнего поиска статьи во внешних источниках: 18 июля 2013 г.

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[1] Sulfatides inhibit leukotriene synthesis in human polymorphonuclear granulocytes by a mechanism involving lipid rearrangement in intracellular membranes / Z. V. Grishina, M. A. Pushkareva, O. Y. Pletjushkina et al. // International Journal of Biochemistry and Cell Biology. — 2008. — Vol. 40, no. 1. — P. 110–124. Sulfatides - sulfated derivatives of galactocerebroside - are endogenous ligands for P- and L-selectins and are able to induce intracellular signaling in neutrophils through a L-selectin dependent pathway. Sulfatides are implicated in a variety of physiological functions and have been found to suppress the synthesis of 5-lipoxygenase (5-LO) metabolites and impede 5-LO translocation to the nuclear envelope in adherent human polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) [Sud’ina, G. F., Brock, T. G., Pushkareva, M. A., Galkina, S. I., Turutin, D. V., Peters-Golden, M., et al. (2001). Sulphatides trigger polymorphonuclear granulocyte spreading on collagen-coated surfaces and inhibit subsequent activation of 5-lipoxygenase. The Biochemical Journal, 359, 621-629]. In this study we investigated the mechanism of the leukotriene (LT) synthesis inhibition by sulfatides. Sulfatides neither attenuated the ionophore-induced rise in [Ca(2+)](i) nor promoted PKA activation. We demonstrated that sulfatides directly inhibited 5-LO enzyme activity in a cell-free assay. BODIPY-labeled sulfatides were able to rapidly penetrate into the cells. Sulfatides induced rearrangement and redistribution of cytoskeletal components in adherent PMNs. The lipid incorporation as well as sulfatide-induced inhibition of LT synthesis were abolished by cytochalasin D, an inhibitor of actin polymerization and endocytosis. Importantly, sulfatides caused a prominent intracellular cholesterol redistribution, increasing its abundance at the uropod region. On the basis of these data, we suggest that increased cholesterol accumulation in cell compartments represents a novel mechanism by which sulfatides abrogate 5-LO translocation and activation. [ DOI ]

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