Macromolecules in a blend of poor and amphiphilic solventsстатья

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[1] Ushakova A. S., Govorun E. N., Khokhlov A. R. Macromolecules in a blend of poor and amphiphilic solvents // Polymer Science - Series A. — 2008. — Vol. 50, no. 8. — P. 854–864. The globular state of the homopolymer macromolecule in a blend composed of a poor solvent and an amphiphilic solvent (substrate), whose molecules tend to be aligned with the solvent concentration gradient in the inhomogeneity region, was theoretically studied. The size of a homogeneous globule and the substrate concentration in its volume were calculated in terms of a bulk approximation. After the transition of the macromolecule from the coil to the globule state, its volume first decreases with a decrease in temperature and then begins to grow due to substrate molecules penetrating the globule. The substrate concentration in the globule insignificantly exceeds that outside the globule at identical second virial coefficients of interaction between monomer units and between substrate molecules. The expression for the free energy functional depending on the volume fractions of the components and on the orientation of substrate molecules was examined in the ground-state approximation. The orientation effect leads to narrowing of the surface layer and to a decrease in the surface tension of the homogeneous globule, thereby increasing its stability with respect to the transition to the unfolded-coil state. [ DOI ]

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