Shock formation and nonlinear saturation effects in the ultrasound field of a diagnostic curvilinear probeстатья

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Дата последнего поиска статьи во внешних источниках: 13 июня 2017 г.

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1. Полный текст C5-2-probe-JASA_2017.pdf 4,0 МБ 4 апреля 2017 [KarzovaMM]

[1] Shock formation and nonlinear saturation effects in the ultrasound field of a diagnostic curvilinear probe / M. M. Karzova, P. V. Yuldashev, O. A. Sapozhnikov et al. // Journal of the Acoustical Society of America. — 2017. — Vol. 141, no. 4. — P. 2327–2337. Newer imaging and therapeutic ultrasound technologies may benefit from in situ pressure levels higher than conventional diagnostic ultrasound. One example is the recently developed use of ultrasonic radiation force to move kidney stones and residual fragments out of the urinary collecting system. A commercial diagnostic 2.3 MHz C5-2 array probe has been used to deliver the acoustic pushing pulses. The probe is a curvilinear array comprising 128 elements equally spaced along a convex cylindrical surface. The effectiveness of the treatment can be increased by using higher transducer output to provide a stronger pushing force; however nonlinear acoustic saturation can be a limiting factor. In this work nonlinear propagation effects were analyzed for the C5-2 transducer using a combined measurement and modeling approach. Simulations were based on the threedimensional Westervelt equation with the boundary condition set to match low power measurements of the acoustic pressure field. Nonlinear focal waveforms simulated for different numbers of operating elements of the array at several output power levels were compared to fiber-optic hydrophone measurements and were found to be in good agreement. It was shown that saturation effects do limit the acoustic pressure in the focal region of a diagnostic imaging probe. [ DOI ]

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