Antimicrobial Effect of Biocompatible Silicon Nanoparticles Activated Using Therapeutic Ultrasoundстатья

Статья опубликована в высокорейтинговом журнале
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Дата последнего поиска статьи во внешних источниках: 3 мая 2017 г.

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[1] Antimicrobial effect of biocompatible silicon nanoparticles activated using therapeutic ultrasound / S. N. Shevchenko, M. Burkhardt, E. V. Sheval et al. // Langmuir : the ACS journal of surfaces and colloids. — 2017. — Vol. 33, no. 10. — P. 2603–2609. n this study, we report a method for the suppression of Escherichia coli (E. coli) vitality by means of therapeutic ultrasound irradiation (USI) using biocompatible silicon nanoparticles as cavitation sensitizers. Silicon nanoparticles without (SiNPs) and with polysaccharide (dextran) coating (DSiNPs) were used. Both types of nanoparticles were nontoxic to Hep 2 cells up to a concentration of 2 mg/mL. The treatment of bacteria with nanoparticles and application of 1 W/cm2 USI resulted in the reduction of their viabilities up to 35 and 72% for SiNPs and DSiNPs, respectively. The higher bacterial viability reduction for DSiNPs as compared with SiNPs can be explained by the fact that the biopolymer shell of the polysaccharide provides a stronger adhesion of nanoparticles to the bacterial surface. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) studies showed that the bacterial lipid shell was partially perforated after the combined treatment of DSiNPs and USI, which can be explained by the lysis of bacterial membrane due to the cavitation sensitized by the SiNPs. Furthermore, we have shown that 100% inhibition of E. coli bacterial colony growth is possible by coupling the treatments of DSiNPs and USI with an increased intensity of up to 3 W/cm2. The observed results reveal the application of SiNPs as promising antimicrobial agents. [ DOI ]

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