On the response of a cell population to low-dose irradiationстатья

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Дата последнего поиска статьи во внешних источниках: 12 июля 2017 г.

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[1] On the response of a cell population to low-dose irradiation / A. M. Serebrianyǐ, A. V. Aleshchenko, V. I. Gotlib et al. // Радиационная биология. Радиоэкология. — 2007. — Vol. 47, no. 1. — P. 93–99. The cell composition of a population of human blood lymphocytes was studied after irradiation at doses of 5 cGy, 1.0 Gy and 5 cGy + 1.0 Gy and the use of a cytokinesis block. The frequencies of uni-, bi- and multinucleate lymphocytes with and without micronuclei (MN) were taken into account. By the standard criterion the frequency of binucleate lymphocytes with MN among binucleate lymphocytes–the donors were characterized as follows: in with reduction of radiosensitivity after irradiation with 5 cGy + 1.0 Gy as compared to the values of radiosensitivity after irradiation with 1.0 Gy only (an adaptive response, AR); in with no change of radiosensitivity after exposure to these doses (no AR); and with an increased ofradiosensitivity after exposure to these doses (syndrome of increased radiosensitivity, IRS). It was found that upon exposure to 1.0 Gy and 5 cGy + 1.0 Gy in some donors with AR, without AR and with IRS the total numbers of damaged cells in the population and the number of binucleate cells with MN were equal. This result calls in question the involvement of the repair mechanism in the alteration of radiosensitivity of lymphocytes in these donors. It was also observed that in the same donors a simultaneous increase (or a decrease in the case of IRS) of the portion of undamaged binucleate cells in the population took place. Our results demonstrate the existence of a new, populational, mechanism involved in the alteration of radiosensitivity after exposure to the adaptive and challenge doses.

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