Adaptive response in different mitotic cycles after irradiationстатья

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[1] Adaptive response in different mitotic cycles after irradiation / I. I. Pelevina, A. V. Aleschenko, M. M. Antoschina et al. // Cell and Tissue Biology. — 2009. — Vol. 3, no. 1. — P. 71–77. The frequency of cells with chromosome aberrations and the number of aberrations per cell have been studied by metaphase analysis in the nonirradiated progeny of irradiated human blood lymphocytes. DNA fragmentation (DNA double-stranded breaks) has been investigated by DNA comet assay. To study the adaptive response (AR), PHA-stimulated lymphocytes were irradiated by the adaptive dose (0.05 Gy) in 24 h and by challenge dose (1 Gy) in 48 h after stimulation. The first through fourth mitoses were identified by 5-bromodeoxyuridine. It was found that the frequency of chromosome aberrations and double-strand breaks were increased in all mitotic cycles after the challenge irradiation. In most individuals, the adaptive response is induced by adaptive and challenge irradiations in the first and the second mitotic cycles (48 and 72 h after stimulation, respectively); however, it is absent in the third and the fourth mitoses. In the first mitosis (1Gy in 48 h after stimulation), only chromatid aberrations are observed; chromosome aberrations were registered in subsequent mitoses. DNA comet assay showed that the adaptive response was obvious at 48-72 h, but not 96 h, after stimulation. It can be concluded that the nonirradiated progeny of irradiated lymphocytes have genomic instability. The adaptive response is manifested up to the third mitosis and is explained by the decreasing number of chromatid and chromosome aberrations and DNA fragmentation. We suppose that double-stranded DNA breaks may be damage signals for the induction of adaptive response. © Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2009. [ DOI ]

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