The role of inwardly rectifying potassium channels in the relaxation of rat hind-limb arteriesстатья

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[1] The role of inwardly rectifying potassium channels in the relaxation of rat hind-limb arteries / D. S. Kostyunina, A. A. Shvetsova, D. K. Gaynullina, O. S. Tarasova // Biophysics. — 2016. — Vol. 61, no. 5. — P. 741–747. An increase in the extracellular K+ concentration, which causes relaxation of arteries due to the activation of inwardly rectifying potassium channels, can occur in some organs under intensive metabolism,as well as endothelium-dependent hyperpolarization. The aim of this work was a comparison of the contribution of these channels in the regulation of the tone of arteries that supply skeletal muscles and the skin. The reactions of skin-region arteries (a subcutaneous artery and its branch) and gastrocnemius muscle arteries were recorded in the isometric mode. During the contraction caused by α1-adrenoceptor agonist, the relaxation reactions upon an increase in extracellular K+ concentration and on acetylcholine in the presence of inhibitors of NO-synthase and cyclooxygenase were recorded (to detect the effects of endothelium-dependent hyperpolarization). The muscle arteries at both effects showed a pronounced relaxation, which was strongly suppressed by Ba2+ ions (blockers of inwardly rectifying potassium channels); both reactions did not exceed 20% in the skin arteries. Thus, the regulatory effect of inwardly rectifying potassium channels in the muscle arteries is much higher than in the skin arteries which is consistent with the idea about the functioning of these arteries in the organism. [ DOI ]

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