Divalent metal cation binding properties of human prothymosin alphaстатья

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Дата последнего поиска статьи во внешних источниках: 18 июля 2013 г.

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[1] Divalent metal cation binding properties of human prothymosin alpha / N. V. Chichkova, A. G. Evstafieva, I. G. Lyakhov et al. // European journal of biochemistry / FEBS. — 2000. — Vol. 267, no. 15. — P. 4745–4752. The divalent cation binding properties of human prothymosin alpha, an abundant nuclear protein involved in cell proliferation, were evaluated. By using prothymosin alpha retardation on a weak cation chelating resin charged with various divalent cations, specific binding of Zn2+ ions by prothymosin alpha was observed. This finding was further confirmed by the equilibrium dialysis analysis which demonstrated that, within the micromolar range of Zn2+ concentrations, prothymosin alpha could bind up to three zinc ions in the presence of 100 mm NaCl and up to 13 zinc ions in the absence of NaCl. Equilibrium dialysis analysis also revealed that prothymosin alpha could bind Ca2+, although the parameters of Ca2+ binding by prothymosin alpha were less pronounced than those of Zn2+ binding in terms of the number of metal ions bound, the K-D values, and the resistance of the bound metal ions to 100 mm NaCl. The effects of Zn2+ and Ca2+ on the interaction of prothymosin alpha with its putative partners, Rev of HIV type 1 and histone H1, were examined. We demonstrated that Rev binds prothymosin alpha, and that prothymosin alpha binding to Rev but not to histone H1 was significantly enhanced in the presence of zinc and calcium ions. Our data suggest that the modes of prothymosin alpha interaction with Rev and histone H1 are distinct and that the observed zinc and calcium-binding properties of prothymosin alpha might be functionally relevant. [ DOI ]

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