Apoptosis-related fragmentation, translocation, and properties of human prothymosin alphaстатья

Статья опубликована в высокорейтинговом журнале

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Дата последнего поиска статьи во внешних источниках: 18 июля 2013 г.

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[1] Apoptosis-related fragmentation, translocation, and properties of human prothymosin alpha / A. G. Evstafieva, G. A. Belov, Y. P. Rubtsov et al. // Experimental Cell Research. — 2003. — Vol. 284, no. 2. — P. 211–223. Human prothymosin a is a proliferation-related nuclear protein undergoing caspase-mediated fragmentation in apoptotic cells. We show here that caspase-3 is the principal executor of prothymosin alpha fragmentation in vivo. In apoptotic HeLa cells as well as in vitro, caspase-3 cleaves prothymosin a at one major carboxy terminal (DDVD99) and several suboptimal sites. Prothymosin alpha cleavage at two amino-terminal sites (AAVD(6) and NGRD(31)) contributes significantly to the final pattern of prothymosin a fragmentation in vitro and could be detected to occur in apoptotic cells. The major caspase cleavage at D-99 disrupts the nuclear localization signal of prothymosin alpha, which leads to a profound alteration in subcellular localization of the truncated protein. By using a set of anti-prothymosin a monoclonal antibodies, we were able to observe nuclear escape and cell surface exposure of endogenous prothymosin alpha in apoptotic, but not in normal, cells. We demonstrate also that ectopic production of human prothymosin alpha and its mutants with nuclear or nuclear-cytoplasmic localization confers increased resistance of HeLa cells toward the tumor necrosis factor-induced apoptosis. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science (USA). All rights reserved. [ DOI ]

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