Nonsynaptic plasticity underlies a compartmentalized increase in synaptic efficacy after classical conditioningстатья

Статья опубликована в высокорейтинговом журнале

Информация о цитировании статьи получена из Scopus, Web of Science
Статья опубликована в журнале из списка Web of Science и/или Scopus
Дата последнего поиска статьи во внешних источниках: 19 июля 2013 г.

Работа с статьей


[1] Nikitin E., Balaban P., Kemenes G. Nonsynaptic plasticity underlies a compartmentalized increase in synaptic efficacy after classical conditioning // Current Biology. — 2013. — Vol. 23, no. 7. — P. 614–619. It is now well documented in both vertebrates and invertebrates that nonsynaptic as well as synaptic plasticity can be a substrate for long-term memory [1-4]. Little is known, however, about how learning-induced nonsynaptic plasticity can lead to compartmentalized presynaptic changes underlying specific memory traces while leaving other circuit functions of the neuron unaffected. Here, using behavioral, electrophysiological, and optical recording methods, we show that the previously described learning-induced depolarization of a modulatory neuron [5] of the Lymnaea feeding system affects its axonal terminals in a spatially segregated manner. In a side branch of the axon of the cerebral giant cells (CGCs), classical conditioning of intact animals reduced proximal-to-distal attenuation of spike-evoked calcium transients, providing a highly effective mechanism for a compartmentalized increase in synaptic efficacy. Somatic depolarization by current injection, which spreads onto the CGC's axonal side branch [5], and the blocking of A-type potassium channels with 4-aminopyridine had an effect similar to learning on the calcium transients. Both of these experimental manipulations also reduced axonal spike attenuation. These findings suggest that the voltage-dependent inactivation of an A-type potassium current links global nonsynaptic changes to compartmentalized synaptic changes. [ DOI ]

Публикация в формате сохранить в файл сохранить в файл сохранить в файл сохранить в файл сохранить в файл сохранить в файл скрыть