Role of the ADP/ATP-antiporter in fatty acid-induced uncoupling of Ca2+-loaded rat liver mitochondriaстатья

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[1] Role of the adp/atp-antiporter in fatty acid-induced uncoupling of ca2+-loaded rat liver mitochondria / M. E. Bodrova, V. I. Dedukhova, V. N. Samartsev, E. N. Mokhova // IUBMB Life. — 2000. — Vol. 50, no. 3. — P. 189–194. We show that Ca2+ loading of mitochondria substantially augments the myristate-induced decrease in the transmembrane electric potential difference (delta psi). Such a Ca2+ action is without effect on the respiration rate and is not accompanied by the high-amplitude swelling when low concentrations of Ca2+ and myristate are used. The myristate-induced delta psi decrease is prevented and reversed by cyclosporin A (CsA); the decrease is prevented and transiently reversed by nigericin. To explain these effects, we suggest that myristate induces opening of the mitochondrial permeability transition pore at a low-conductance state. Addition of carboxyatractylate (CAtr) after myristate induces the CsA-sensitive uncoupling, but when added after myristate and CsA, CAtr produces a decrease in delta psi, if the interval between myristate and CsA addition is sufŽ ciently long. The CAtr effect is completely reversed by EGTA and transiently reversed by nigericin. This suggests that the ADP/ATP-antiporter participates in the CsA-sensitive uncoupling when present as a pore complex constituent. ADP/ATP-antiporter that does not take part in the pore complex formation is involved in the CsA-insensitive uncoupling. [ DOI ]

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