GSC 4232.2850, a new eclipsing binary with elliptical orbitстатья

Дата последнего поиска статьи во внешних источниках: 28 мая 2015 г.

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[1] Gsc 4232.2850, a new eclipsing binary with elliptical orbit / V. Goranskij, S. Shugarov, P. Kroll, A. Golovin // 12th Young Scientists’ Conference on Astronomy and Space Physics. — Kyiv University Press Kyiv, 2005. — P. 53. GSC 4232.2830 (20h 01m 28s.407, +61? 10' 17".18, 2000.0, v=12m.1) was suspected to be an eclipsing binary by VPG in the routine overview of photographical plates taken with 40-cm astrograph of SAI Crimean station. To define orbital elements of the binary, we searched for observations in Sonneberg Observatory plate collection, NSVS database (Wozniak et al., 2004), and carried out visual monitoring with a small telescope equipped with an electronic image tube, an analogue of a night vision device. Later, when we had found a preliminary solution, we carried out accurate CCD photometry to improve the orbital elements. We should note, that the depths of eclipses in the NSVS database do not exceed 0m.2, what contradicts to other observations. We suppose that NSVS measurements concern to integral light of two stars, a variable star, and a nearby brighter star, GSC 4232.2395, due to low resolution of this survey, 72". Using all the available observations we found the single orbital solution with an elliptical orbit and the period of 11,6 day. The center of the secondary minimum occurs at the orbital phase 0.69835 or 8.1 day after the primary minimum. The improved ephemeris derived using accurate CCD observations is following: HJD Min I = 2453278,3185(2) + 11.628188 (5) x E. O-C analysis does not show orbital period variations during the time interval of observations, or any evidence of apsidal motion. The observations show that both eclipses have about equal depth 0m.60, but essentially different duration, 0p.028 (7 h.8) for Min I, and 0 p.0175 (4 h.9) for Min II. The eclipses are partial. CCD photometry gives mean colors U-B = -0 m.06, B-V = 0 m.57, and V-R = 0 m.50 without notable color variations in the eclipse phases. Old Sonneberg photographic observations indicate that the eclipses were shallower in the middle of the past century than in the present time! Such contradictions may suggest that the depth of eclipses varied, as in the well-known system SSLac (Mossakovskaja, 1993; Milone et al, 2000; Torres and Stefanic, 2001). The eclipse depth variations should be verified with more precise observations taken during the longer time interval.

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