Participation of GABA in establishing behavioral hierarchies in the terrestrial snailстатья

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Дата последнего поиска статьи во внешних источниках: 28 мая 2015 г.

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[1] Participation of gaba in establishing behavioral hierarchies in the terrestrial snail / N. I. Bravarenko, V. N. Ierusalimsky, T. A. Korshunova et al. // Experimental brain research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation cérébrale. — 2001. — Vol. 141, no. 3. — P. 340–348. GABA-immunoreactive fibers were observed in the neuropile of each ganglion of Helix lucorum, while GABA-immunoreactive neural somata were found only in the buccal, cerebral, and pedal ganglia. Bath application of 10(-5) M GABA to the preparation buccal mass-buccal ganglia elicited a sequence of radula movements characteristic of feeding behavior. Corresponding bursts of activity were recorded in the buccal nerves under GABA application and in the buccal neurons recorded optically. In preparations of isolated central nervous system, the bath applications of GABA (10(-5) to 10(-4) M) elicited no changes in synaptic input of the premotor interneurons involved in the withdrawal behavior. However, a significant decrease in amplitude of the synaptic input and in the number of spikes in responses elicited by the test nerve stimulation was observed in metacerebral serotonergic neurons involved in modulating the feeding behavior. GABA application inhibited the spontaneous spike activity in some pedal serotonergic neurons involved in the network underlying withdrawal responses and evoked bursting activity in the other neurons of this functional group. The effects of GABA application on mechanically isolated serotonergic neurons suggest that the primary effect of GABA is inhibition. Thus, our results give evidence of the putative role of GABA in activating the feeding behavior and in the synergistic suppression of serotonergic modulation of the withdrawal behavior and serotonergic modulation of feeding, which has corresponded to the observed behavioral suppression of withdrawal reactions during feeding. [ DOI ]

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