Soils on hard rocks in the northwest of Russia: chemical and mineralogical properties, genesis, and classification problemsстатья

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1. Lesovaya_SoilSci4_08.pdf Lesovaya_SoilSci4_08.pdf 369,5 КБ 14 февраля 2013 [AZavarzina]

[1] Soils on hard rocks in the northwest of russia: chemical and mineralogical properties, genesis, and classification problems / S. N. Lesovaya, S. V. Goryachkin, E. Y. Pogozhev et al. // Eurasian Soil Science. — 2008. — Vol. 41, no. 4. — P. 363–376. Soil formation on hard rocks—nepheline syenite, amphibolite, metamorphized gabbro diabase, and their derivatives—was studied in the mountainous tundra and in the northern and middle taiga zones of the Kola Peninsula and Karelia (in the Kivach Reserve). It was found that the soils developing from these rocks could be classified into three groups: (1) petrozems with the O–M profile (the most common variant), (2) podzols and podzolized podburs on the substrates with an admixture of morainic derivatives of acid rocks, and (3) shallow (<5–10 cm) pebbly soils on the substrates without an admixture of allochthonous material (the rarest variant). In soils of the third group, the pedogenic alteration of the mineral matrix does not result in the appearance of phyllosilicates in the fine fractions if these phyllosilicates are initially absent in the rock. In these soils, the processes of modern pedogenesis (rock disintegration, migration of Al–Fe-humus compounds, in situ transformation of the organic matter, and binding of iron released from the weathered silicate minerals into iron–organic complexes) are virtually undifferentiated by the separate soil horizons because of the very low thickness of the soil profiles. These soils have the Oao–BHFao–M profile; it is suggested that they can be classified as leptic podburs. An admixture of morainic material containing phyllosilicate minerals favors a more pronounced differentiation of the modern pedogenic processes by separate soil horizons even in the case of shallow soil profiles; the intense transformation of phyllosilicates takes place in the soils. [ DOI ]

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