CD27low CD4 T lymphocytes that accumulate in the mouse lungs during mycobacterial infection differentiate from CD27high precursors in situ, produce IFN-gamma, and protect the host against tuberculosis infectionстатья

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[1] Cd27low cd4 t lymphocytes that accumulate in the mouse lungs during mycobacterial infection differentiate from cd27high precursors in situ, produce ifn-gamma, and protect the host against tuberculosis infection / M. Kapina, G. Shepelkova, V. Mischenko et al. // Journal of Immunology. — 2007. — Vol. 178, no. 2. — P. 976–985. The generation of effector, IFN-gamma producing T lymphocytes and their accumulation at sites of infection are critical for host protection against various infectious diseases. The activation and differentiation of naive T lymphocytes into effector memory cells starts in lymphoid tissues, but it is not clear whether the Ag-experienced cells that leave lymph nodes (LN) are mature or if they undergo further changes in the periphery. We have previously shown that CD44(high)CD62L(low) effector CD4 T lymphocytes generated during the course of mycobacterial infection can be segregated into two subsets on the basis of CD27 receptor expression. Only the CD27(low) subset exhibited a high capacity for IFN-gamma secretion, indicating that low CD27 expression is characteristic of fully differentiated effector CD4 T lymphocytes. We demonstrate now that CD27(low) IFN-gamma-producing CD4 T lymphocytes accumulate in the lungs but are rare in LNs. Several factors contribute to their preferential accumulation. First, CD27(low) CD4 T lymphocytes present in the LN are highly susceptible to apoptosis. Second, circulating CD27(low) CD4 T cells do not enter the LN but efficiently migrate to the lungs. Third, CD27(high) effector CD4 T cells that enter the lungs down-regulate CD27 expression in situ. In genetically heterogeneous mice that exhibit varying susceptibility to tuberculosis, the accumulation of mature CD27(low) CD4 T cells in the lungs correlates with the degree of protection against infection. Thus, we propose that terminal maturation of effector CD4 T lymphocytes in the periphery provides the host with efficient local defense and avoids potentially harmful actions of inflammatory cytokines in lymphoid organs.

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