Directed differentiation of embryonic P19 cells and neural stem cells into neural lineage on conducting PEDOT-PEG and ITO glass substratesстатья

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[1] Directed differentiation of embryonic p19 cells and neural stem cells into neural lineage on conducting pedot-peg and ito glass substrates / E. A. Ostrakhovitch, J. C. Byers, K. D. O'Neil, O. A. Semenikhin // Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics. — 2012. — Vol. 528, no. 1. — P. 21–31. Differentiation of pluripotent and lineage restricted stem cells such as neural stem cells (NSCs) was studied on conducting substrates of various nature without perturbation of the genome with exogenous genetic material or chemical stimuli. Primary mouse adult neural stem cells (NSCs) and P19 pluripotent embryonal (P19 EC) carcinoma cells were used. Expression levels of neuronal markers beta-III-tubulin and neurofilament were evaluated by immunochemistry and flow cytometry. It was shown that the ability of the substrate to induce differentiation directly correlated with its conductivity. Conducting substrates (conducting oxides or doped it-conjugated organic polymers) with different morphology, structure, and conductivity mechanisms all promoted differentiation of NSC and P19 cells into neuronal lineage to a similar degree without use of additional factors such as poly-L-ornithine coating or retinoic acid, as verified by their morphology and upregulation of the neuronal markers but not astrocyte marker GFAP. However, substrates with low conductance below ca. 10(-1) S cm(-2) did not show this ability. Morphology of differentiating cells was visualized by atomic force microscopy. NSCs cells increased beta-III-tubulin expression by 95% and P19 cells by over 30%. Our results suggest that the substrate conductivity is a key factor governing the cell fate. Differentiation of P19 cells into neuronal lineage on conducting substrates was attributed to downregualtion of Akt signaling pathway and increase in expression of dual oxidase 1 (DUOX 1). (C) 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. [ DOI ]

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