The pupil's reading activities: results of imitation modelingстатья

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1. Полный текст PDF Mayer_Chtenie_model_ICERI_2019.pdf 1,3 МБ 9 сентября 2020 [Mayer_Robert]

[1] Mayer R. V. The pupil's reading activities: results of imitation modeling // Proceedings of ICERI2019. — Seville, Spain, 2019. — P. 346–355. Teaching and development of pupils are closely linked with reading, therefore improving the efficiency of text reading is an important issue that has been intensively studied by scientists in the fields of didactics, psychology and linguistics. One of the modern methods of studying didactic processes is the computer simulation method. The aims of the work are: 1) using the information-cybernetic approach, to create a simulation model of the reader’s (learner’s) activities, taking into account the psychological features of perception, remembering and forgetting information, which would allow to investigate the main regularities of reading texts; 2) to study the behavior of this model under different parameters of the reader and the text; to explain the results obtained. The analysis of the pupil's activity while reading the text and functioning of memory is carried out from the standpoint of the systematic approach, the main provisions of which are given in the works by Ju.A. Shrejder, A.A. Sharov, V.I. Novosel’cev. In this case the student is considered to be a control system, which allows to apply the ideas of cybernetics and methods of cybernetic modeling of learning, discussed in the works by A.K. Guts, V.F. Venda, J. Murray. Besides, the main approaches to creation of didactic systems mathematical models, considered in the works by A.P. Sviridov, A.V. Solovov, F.S. Roberts, are applied. Methods of qualitative and mathematical modeling of didactic systems, as well as the method of computer modeling are used; they are considered in the works by V.B. Kudryavcev, R. Shannon, E. Hunt. Reading is modeled using a special computer program written on Pascal. In the proposed computer model, human memory is simulated by three matrixes in which syllables, words and sentences are “memorized”. The model of reading takes into account: 1) multilevel structure of the reader's memory; 2) probabilistic nature of reading syllables, understanding words and sentences; 3) regularities of forgetting unconscious and meaningful information; 4) effect of feedback on the repeated reading of words and sentences in case of their misunderstanding; 5) reduction of the information forgetting speed when rereading. The model allows to study the dependences of the pupil’s knowledge on time, the working time with text – on reading speed, the understanding degree of various sentences – on their ordinal number. The graphs of the understanding level of the entire text and separate sentences on time are obtained; it is shown that the time of reading the text depends much on the “reader’s” characteristics and the text parameters. The paper considers the situation when the pupil has poor syllable reading, understands slowly and forgets the read text quickly. Modeling shows that while training, it is important to teach the pupil to recognize letters correctly, to link them with sounds, to combine syllables and words from them. It is necessary that the complexity of the words and texts corresponds to the child’s abilities. If the proposed text are too difficult, the pupil can not read quickly and correctly, his motivation decreases, the number of mistakes grows; it leads to further loss of interest. At low reading speed, the child may forget the beginning of the word or sentence being read. For the formation and development of reading skills, the training computer programs “Fun alphabet”, “Magic ABC book”, “Azbuka Pro” and others can be used.

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