Control of Platelet CLEC-2-Mediated Activation by Receptor Clustering and Tyrosine Kinase Signalingстатья Исследовательская статья

Статья опубликована в высокорейтинговом журнале

Информация о цитировании статьи получена из Scopus, Web of Science
Статья опубликована в журнале из списка Web of Science и/или Scopus
Дата последнего поиска статьи во внешних источниках: 29 июля 2020 г.

Работа с статьей


[1] Control of platelet clec-2-mediated activation by receptor clustering and tyrosine kinase signaling / A. A. Martyanov, F. A. Balabin, J. L. Dunster et al. // Biophysical Journal. — 2020. — Vol. 118, no. 11. — P. 2641–2655. Platelets are blood cells responsible for vascular integrity preservation. The activation of platelet receptor C-type lectin-like receptor II-type (CLEC-2) could partially mediate the latter function. Although this receptor is considered to be of importance for hemostasis, the rate-limiting steps of CLEC-2-induced platelet activation are not clear. Here, we aimed to investigate CLEC-2-induced platelet signal transduction using computational modeling in combination with experimental approaches. We developed a stochastic multicompartmental computational model of CLEC-2 signaling. The model described platelet activation beginning with CLEC-2 receptor clustering, followed by Syk and Src family kinase phosphorylation, determined by the cluster size. Active Syk mediated linker adaptor for T cell protein phosphorylation and membrane signalosome formation, which resulted in the activation of Bruton's tyrosine kinase, phospholipase and phosphoinositide-3-kinase, calcium, and phosphoinositide signaling. The model parameters were assessed from published experimental data. Flow cytometry, total internal reflection fluorescence and confocal microscopy, and western blotting quantification of the protein phosphorylation were used for the assessment of the experimental dynamics of CLEC-2-induced platelet activation. Analysis of the model revealed that the CLEC-2 receptor clustering leading to the membrane-based signalosome formation is a critical element required for the accurate description of the experimental data. Both receptor clustering and signalosome formation are among the rate-limiting steps of CLEC-2-mediated platelet activation. In agreement with these predictions, the CLEC-2-induced platelet activation, but not activation mediated by G-protein-coupled receptors, was strongly dependent on temperature conditions and cholesterol depletion. Besides, the model predicted that CLEC-2-induced platelet activation results in cytosolic calcium spiking, which was confirmed by single-platelet total internal reflection fluorescence microscopy imaging. Our results suggest a refined picture of the platelet signal transduction network associated with CLEC-2. We show that tyrosine kinase activation is not the only rate-limiting step in CLEC-2-induced activation of platelets. Translocation of receptor-agonist complexes to the signaling region and linker adaptor for T cell signalosome formation in this region are limiting CLEC-2-induced activation as well. [ DOI ]

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