Soils of Scythian settlements as paleoenvironmental archive in the area of Late Holocene migration pathways in the East European steppeстатья

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[1] Soils of scythian settlements as paleoenvironmental archive in the area of late holocene migration pathways in the east european steppe / A. Rusakov, A. Makeev, O. Khokhlova et al. // IGCP 610 Fourth Plenary Conference and Field Trip “From the Caspian to Mediterranean: Environmental Change and Human Response during the Quaternary”, Tbilisi, Georgia. Proceedings / Ed.: A.Gilbert, V.Yanko-Hombach. — Georgian National Academy of Science Tbilisi, 2016. — P. 141–144. Paleoenvironmental reconstructions are crucially important for understanding the migration incentives of ancient civilizations. The steppe areas of Southern Russia show a correlation between migration waves and certain paleoclimatic rhythms (Demkin, 1997). Old settlements are among the important geoarcheological phenomena that allow the use of paleopedological methods for paleolandscape reconstructions. Soils deeply buried under ancient constructions, especially ramparts and mounds, maintain features that developed under climatic conditions preceding burial, and in this way, they can be considered valuable paleoenvironmental archives. Settlements and burial mounds of the Late Holocene are widespread in the foreststeppe, steppe, and semi-desert areas of the East European Plain, and they are well documented by archaeologists. There are numerous paleolandscape reconstructions based on buried Holocene soils (Demkin, 1997; Khohlova et al., 2007, Khokhlova, 2012). Though many time slices are not characterized, in some cases reconstructions are conflicting. It is especially important to provide detailed reconstructions for critical points of landscape evolution when short climatic cycles caused noticeable changes in environmental parameters reflected in buried soils. It would then be possible to link such critical points of soil evolution with the migration pattern of steppe tribes.

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