Methane Emission from the Coastal Retreat in the Western Yamalтезисы доклада

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1. Полный текст текст тезисов TICOP_Streletskaya_et_al_Methane_coasts.pdf 523,9 КБ 22 ноября 2016 [KizyakovAI]

[1] Methane emission from the coastal retreat in the western yamal / N. Zadorozhnaia, V. Fedin, G. Oblogov et al. // XI International Conference On Permafrost Exploring Permafrost in a Future Earth. — Bibliothek Wissenschaftspark Albert Einstein Telegrafenberg 14473 Potsdam, Germany, 2016. — P. 810–811. The large amount of methane is withdrawn from turnover of the Earth and preserved in permafrost. Methane is emitted in the atmosphere during the permafrost degradation on the shelf, the continent and the melting of the subsurface ice. In recent decades great attention is given to analysis of the methane content inasmuch as, according to the relevance, methane is the second greenhouse gas after the carbon dioxide, its increase in the atmosphere has a significant impact on the climate as a whole. Since the second half of the XX century, the concentration of methane in the atmosphere has been increasing annually by 1%. Data on methane concentration in air inclusions into ground ice and permafrost exposed in a cliff near the Marre Sale polar station, the western Yamal (69o43’N/66o49’E) has been obtained for the first time. Complex of quaternary deposits containing various generations of syngenetic ice wedges and two types of massive ice composed the section of the cliff near the station. Long-term regular observations of the sea coast retreat since 1978 showed a speed of about 1.7 meters per year (Vasiliev et al., 2006). Total of 247 samples of gas from permafrost and ice were collected. CH4 concentration was measured by headspaceequilibration, using KhPM-4 (Russia) gas chromatograph with flame ionization detector and hydrogen used as a carrier gas (Pushchino, Russia). The methane concentration in massive ice sheet was abnormally high. It reached 21.5 ml kg-1 in the ice, which exceeded by an order of magnitude the concentration found for other sediments composing the coastal section. Methane is practically absent in the Holocene sands and the ice of syngenetic ice-wedges. Given the coastal retreat rate, we assessed the annual flux of the methane buried in permafrost due to erosion of 100 m long coastal section near Marre-Sale. With the destruction of costal bluff near Marre-Sale that consists of sand and ice-wedge polygons, the atmosphere there receives 0.235 g of methane per 1 m2 in a single year, whereas melting of tabular massive ground ice liberated 19.7 g/a per 1 m2 from permafrost. Such variations of methane concentrations across sediment types correlated with permafrost genesis. Formation of syngenetic permafrost was shown to be unfavorable for methane accumulation on the contrary to epigenetic permafrost (Vasiliev et al., 2015). The amount of methane released from permafrost due to erosion was estimated for 100 m of the coast and for the full length of 4.5 km long coastal section was estimated. It was found, that each year the destruction of 100 m of the sea coast in the research area causes 10300 g of methane to be released into the atmosphere and around 463500 g is released around a 4.5 km-long coastline. This research is partially supported by RFBR grant 16-05-00612. [ DOI ]

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