Recombinants between attenuated and virulent strains of poliovirus type 1: derivation and characterization of recombinants with centrally located crossover pointsстатья

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[1] Recombinants between attenuated and virulent strains of poliovirus type 1: derivation and characterization of recombinants with centrally located crossover points / V. I. Agol, S. G. Drozdov, V. P. Grachev et al. // Virology. — 1985. — Vol. 143, no. 2. — P. 467–477. Recombinants with a centrally located crossover point were selected from crosses between poliovirus type 1 strains and intertypic (type 3/type 1) recombinants. Two such recombinants were characterized in some detail. In one of them (v1/a1-6), the 5' half of the genome was derived from a virulent type 1 strain, while the 3' half came from an attenuated type 1 strain. The genome of the other recombinant (a1/v1-7) had the reverse organization, with the 5' and 3' halves being derived from the type 1 attenuated and virulent strains, respectively. As deduced from the RNase T1 oligonucleotide maps, the a1/v1-7 genome also had a relatively short centrally located insert of the poliovirus type 3 origin. Both recombinants exhibited ts phenotypes. The RNA phenotypes of the recombinants corresponded to that of the parent donating the 3' half of the genome, v1/a1-6 and a1/v1-7 expressing RNA- and RNA +/- characters, respectively. Despite being a ts RNA- virus, v1/a1-6 proved to be neurovirulent when injected intracerebrally into Cercopithecus aethiops monkeys, although it exhibited a somewhat diminished level of pathogenicity as compared to its virulent type 1 parent. Recombinant a1/v1-7 behaved as an attenuated strain. These data supported our previous conclusion drawn from the experiments with intertypic poliovirus recombinants that the attenuated phenotype of poliovirus depends largely on the structure of the 5' half of its genome, although mutations of the 3' half may alleviate the virulence of the virus to a degree.

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