The genomes of attenuated and virulent poliovirus strains differ in their in vitro translation efficienciesстатья

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[1] Svitkin Y. V., Maslova S. V., Agol V. I. The genomes of attenuated and virulent poliovirus strains differ in their in vitro translation efficiencies // Virology. — 1985. — Vol. 147, no. 2. — P. 243–252. In mRNA-dependent extracts of Krebs-2 cells, RNAs from attenuated strains of poliovirus type 1 and type 3 exhibited diminished template activity as compared to RNAs from the respective virulent counterparts. This defect appeared to be due to the impaired initiation of viral polyprotein synthesis as evidenced by a relatively low level of accumulation of polypeptide 1a (which corresponds to an NH2-terminal region of the polyprotein) in samples programmed with RNAs from attenuated strains. In reticulocyte lysates, where poliovirus RNA is translated predominantly from abnormal (internal) sites [Dorner et al. (1984) J. Virol. 50, 507-514], this difference in the overall template activity of the attenuated and virulent poliovirus genomes was less pronounced, but the correct initiation (as judged by polypeptide 1a accumulation) was again more efficient on RNAs from virulent strains. It is suggested that template deficiency is a factor contributing to the attenuated phenotype of poliovirus strains studied. A possible involvement of nucleotide sequences located far upstream from the initiator codon in the control of translation of poliovirus genome is briefly discussed.

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