Some problems of molecular biology of poliovirus infection relevant to pathogenesis, viral spread and evolutionстатья

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Дата последнего поиска статьи во внешних источниках: 28 мая 2015 г.

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[1] Some problems of molecular biology of poliovirus infection relevant to pathogenesis, viral spread and evolution / V. I. Agol, G. A. Belov, E. A. Cherkasova et al. // Developments in biologicals. — 2001. — Vol. 105. — P. 43–50. Molecular mechanisms of poliovirus reproduction in the human gut remain largely unexplored. Nevertheless, there are grounds to believe that the virus spreads from cell to cell, like that from person to person during natural circulation, and involves a relatively small proportion of the highly heterogeneous viral population generated by the previous host. This mechanism of random sampling is responsible for the majority of fixed mutations, and contributes to the maintenance of a certain level of viral fitness (virulence). In the long term, random sampling may lead to the decrease in fitness and even to extinction of some viral evolutionary branches, explaining cases of self-limiting poliovirus infection in immunodeficient patients. A low propensity of the Sabin viruses for natural circulation may also be a related phenomenon. The trend to decrease in fitness may be interrupted by the appearance of rare, fitter (more virulent) variants, which may be responsible for poliomyelitis outbreaks caused by wild type virus, and for the development of paralytic disease in chronic carriers of the Sabin vaccine. All these evolutionary events are largely stochastic and hence are unpredictable in principle.

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