Photoinduced protonation and mechanical motion in the cyclodextrin cavity: Synthesis, structure and spectral properties of 4-(2-napthyl)pyridine and their pseudorotaxane complexesстатья

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Дата последнего поиска статьи во внешних источниках: 18 июля 2013 г.

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[1] Photoinduced protonation and mechanical motion in the cyclodextrin cavity: Synthesis, structure and spectral properties of 4-(2-napthyl)pyridine and their pseudorotaxane complexes / S. P. Gromov, V. B. Nazarov, V. G. Avakyan et al. // Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry. — 2011. — Vol. 217, no. 1. — P. 87–99. The spontaneous and photoinduced protonation of 4-(2-naphthyl)pyridine (1) in solutions and in complexes with beta-cyclodextrin (beta-CD) and 2-hydroxypropyl-beta-cyclodextrin (HP-beta-CD) were studied by absorption and fluorescence spectroscopy. The structure and stability of the complexes (log K = 1.5-2.3) of 1, its protonated form 2, and quaternized derivative, 1-methyl-4-(2-naphthyl)pyridinium perchlorate (3), with beta-CD and HP-beta-CD were studied by (1)H NMR. It was shown that irrespective of the solution pH, compound 1 resides in the cyclodextrin cavity. HP-beta-CD better binds the neutral form of 1 than beta-CD, while naphthylpyridinium salts have approximately equal binding affinity to both cyclodextrins. The structures of salt 3 and pseudorotaxane complex 1@beta-CD were determined by X-ray diffraction analysis. According to spectral data, pK(a) of 1 in water is 5.12, which promotes protonation of nitrogen both in the ground state and in the excited state. As a consequence, the fluorescence spectrum exhibits only the protonated form with a lifetime of 15 ns. The addition of HP-beta-CD to a solution of 1 results in inclusion complex 1@HP-beta-CD; simultaneously pK(a) of 1 decreases to 4.62 and non-protonated form fluorescence (NFF) of 1 with a lifetime of 1.25 ns appears. Thus, the residence of 1 in the HP-beta-CD cavity hampers its protonation in the excited state. From comparison of the initial regions of fluorescence of 1 in solution and in the HP-beta-CD complex after pulse excitation, a mechanism for appearance of short-lived NFF of 1 was proposed. Quantum chemical simulation of the protonation and complexation of 1 in the presence of water was performed. On the basis of results, reversible photoinduced mechanical motion of 1 in the HP-beta-CD cavity was suggested. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [ DOI ]

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