[The interplay of transposon silencing genes in the Drosophila melanogaster germline]статья

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[1] [the interplay of transposon silencing genes in the drosophila melanogaster germline] / O. A. Sokolova, E. I. Iakushev, A. D. Stoliarenko et al. // Molekuliarnaia biologiia. — 2011. — Vol. 45, no. 4. — P. 633–641. Complexes of Piwi proteins and Piwi-interacting RNAs (piRNAs) carry out the repression of transposable elements in animal gonads. The Piwi protein clade is represented in D. melanogaster by three members: Piwi, Aub and Ago3. Piwi protein functions in the nuclei of somatic and germinal ovarian cells, whereas Aub and Ago3 are cytoplasmic proteins of germinal cells. Aub and Ago3 interact with each other in the perinuclear nuage organelle to perform piRNA amplification via the ping-pong mechanism. Previously, derepression of several transposable elements as a result of mutations in the piRNA silencing system was shown. Here we quantify the increase in expression level of an enlarged number of retrotransposons due to the mutations in the piwi gene, nuage components coding aub, mael and spn-E genes and the RNA helicase armi gene mutation that impairs Piwi nuclear localization, but not the ping-pong cycle. We reveal that piwi, armi, aub, spn-E and mael genes participate together in the repression of several transposons (HMS-Beagle, Gate and HeT-A), whereas silencing of land G elements requires the same genes except piwi. We suggest that Armi has other functions besides the localizing of Piwi protein in the nuclei. Our data suggest also a role of cytoplasmic Aub, Spn-E and Mael nuage proteins in Piwi-mediated repression of Gate and HMS-Beagle transposons in the germline nuclei. As a whole, our results corroborate the idea that genome stabilization in the germline is realized by different silencing strategies specific for different transposable elements. At the same time, our data suggest the existence of yet unknown mechanisms of interplay between nuclear and cytoplasmic components of the piRNA machinery in the germline.

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