The Mangazeya Ag–Pb–Zn vein deposit hosted in sedimentary rocks, Sakha-Yakutia, Russia: Mineral assemblages, fluid inclusions, stable isotopes (C, O, S), and originстатья

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[1] The mangazeya ag–pb–zn vein deposit hosted in sedimentary rocks, sakha-yakutia, russia: Mineral assemblages, fluid inclusions, stable isotopes (c, o, s), and origin / E. Y. Anikina, N. S. Bortnikov, G. K. Klubnikin et al. // Geology of Ore Deposits. — 2016. — Vol. 58, no. 3. — P. 182–212. The succession of mineral assemblages, chemistry of gangue and ore minerals, fluid inclusions, and stable isotopes (C, O, S) in minerals have been studied in the Mangazeya silver–basemetal deposit hosted in terrigenous rocks of the Verkhoyansk Fold–Thrust Belt. The deposit is localized in the junction zone of the Kuranakh Anticlinorium and the Sartanga Synclinorium at the steep eastern limb of the Endybal Anticline. The deposit is situated at the intersection of the regional Nyuektame and North Tirekhtyakh faults. Igneous rocks are represented by the Endybal massif of granodiorite porphyry 97.8 ± 0.9 Ma in age and dikes varying in composition. One preore and three types of ore mineralization separated in space are distinguished: quartz–pyrite–arsenopyrite (I), quartz–carbonate–sulfide (II), and silver–basemetal (III). Quartz and carbonate (siderite) are predominant in ore veins. Ore minerals are represented by arsenopyrite, pyrite, sphalerite, galena, fahlore, and less frequent sulfosalts. Three types of fluid inclusions in quartz differ in phase compositions: two or threephase aqueous–carbon dioxide (FI I), carbon dioxide gas (FI II), and twophase (FI III) containing liquid and a gas bubble. The homogenization temperature and salinity fall within the ranges of 367–217oC and 13.8–2.6 wt % NaCl equiv in FI I; 336–126oC and 15.4–0.8 wt % NaCl equiv in FI III. Carbon dioxide in FI II was homogenized in gas at +30.2 to +15.3oC and at +27.2 to 29.0oC in liquid. The δ34S values for minerals of type I range from –1.8 to +4.7‰ (VCDT); of type II, from –7.4 to +6.6‰; and of type III, from –5.6 to +7.1‰. δ13C and δ18O vary from –7.0 to –6.7‰ (VPDB) and from +16.6 to +17.1 (VSMOW) in sideriteI; from –9.1 to –6.9‰ (VPDB) and from +14.6 to +18.9 (VSMOW) in sideriteII; from –5.4 to –3.1‰ (VPDB) and from +14.6 to +19.5 (VSMOW) in ankerite; and from –4.2 to –2.9‰ (VPDB) and from +13.5 to +16.8 (VSMOW) in calcite. The data on mineral assemblages, fluid inclusions, and ratios of stable isotopes allow us to speak about the formation of the Mangazeya deposit in relation to the activity of the hydrothermal–magmatic system. The latter combines emplacement of subvolcanic granitic stocks and involvement of fluids variable in salinity and temperature in ore deposition zone. The fluids released from crystallizing felsic magma and were formed in a convective cell by heating of meteoric and marine waters. The mechanism of ore deposition is related to phase separation (boiling) and mixing of fluids. [ DOI ]

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