Rheological properties of concentrated aqueous solutions of anionic and cationic polyelectrolyte mixturesстатья

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Дата последнего поиска статьи во внешних источниках: 18 июля 2013 г.

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[1] Rheological properties of concentrated aqueous solutions of anionic and cationic polyelectrolyte mixtures / V. E. Dreval’, G. B. Vasil’Ev, E. A. Litmanovich, V. G. Kulichikhin // Polymer Science, Series A. — 2008. — Vol. 50, no. 7. — P. 751–756. The rheological properties of aqueous solutions of poly(acrylic acid), poly(diallyldimethyldiammonium chloride), and their mixtures at 25oC have been studied. The concentrated solutions of the mixtures contain 18 wt % of both polymers taken at different ratios. The ratio of cationogenic and anionogenic groups φ varied from 0 to 0.4 is taken as a criterion for selection of mixture composition. An increase in φ, reflecting a more intense formation of polyelectrolyte complexes in solution, is accompanied by a significant rise in the low-frequency loss modulus and, especially, in the storage modulus, as well as by an increase in viscosity over the entire studied range of shear rates. This behavior may be explained by the presence of an additional spatial structure with junctions formed by interacting complementary charged groups. In the general case, the formation of poly(acrylic acid)- poly(diallyldimethyldiammonium chloride) polyelectrolyte complexes is said to take place in solution. The excess of rheological characteristics of mixture solutions over the corresponding characteristics of poly(acrylic acid) solutions is found to be the power function of parameter φ. The additional spatial network derived from polyelectrolyte complexes and occurring in solution is destroyed at lower shear stresses than is the network of intermolecular entanglements. At high shear stresses, orientational effects may cause phase separation of the systems owing to a change in the hydrophilic-hydrophobic balance between complexes of poly(acrylic acid) with poly(diallyldimethyldiammonium chloride) and water. © 2008 Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. [ DOI ]

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