Cylindrically symmetric solitons in Einstein-Yang-Mills theoryстатья

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Дата последнего поиска статьи во внешних источниках: 18 июля 2013 г.

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[1] Gal'tsov D. V., Davydov E. A. Cylindrically symmetric solitons in einstein-yang-mills theory // Physical Review D. — 2007. — Vol. 75, no. 8. — P. 084016. Recently new Einstein-Yang-Mills (EYM) soliton solutions were presented which describe superconducting strings with Kasner asymptotics [D. V. Gal'tsov, E. A. Davydov, and M. S. Volkov, hep-th/0610183.]. Here we study the static cylindrically symmetric SU(2) EYM system in more detail. The ansatz for the gauge field corresponds to superposition of the azimuthal B-phi and the longitudinal B-z components of the color magnetic field. We derive sum rules relating data on the symmetry axis to asymptotic data and show that generic asymptotic structure of regular solutions is Kasner. Solutions starting with vacuum data on the axis generically are divergent. Regular solutions correspond to some bifurcation manifold in the space of parameters which has the low-energy limiting point corresponding to string solutions in flat space (with the divergent total energy) and the high-curvature point where gravity is crucial. Some analytical results are presented for the low-energy limit, and numerical bifurcation curves are constructed in the gravitating case. Depending on the parameters, the solution looks like a straight string or a pair of straight and circular strings. The existence of such nonlinear superposition of two strings becomes possible due to self-interaction terms in the Yang-Mills action which suppress contribution of the circular string near the polar axis. [ DOI ]

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