Cap- and IRES-independent scanning mechanism of translation initiation as an alternative to the concept of cellular IRESsстатья

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Дата последнего поиска статьи во внешних источниках: 18 июля 2013 г.

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[1] Cap- and ires-independent scanning mechanism of translation initiation as an alternative to the concept of cellular iress / I. N. Shatsky, S. E. Dmitriev, I. M. Terenin, D. E. Andreev // Molecules and Cells. — 2010. — Vol. 30, no. 4. — P. 285–293. During the last decade the concept of cellular IRES-elements has become predominant to explain the continued expression of specific proteins in eukaryotic cells under conditions when the cap-dependent translation initiation is inhibited. However, many cellular IRESs regarded as cornerstones of the concept, have been compromised by several recent works using a number of modern techniques. This review analyzes the sources of artifacts associated with identification of IRESs and describes a set of control experiments, which should be performed before concluding that a 5' UTR of eukaryotic mRNA does contain an IRES. Hallmarks of true IRES-elements as exemplified by well-documented IRESs of viral origin are presented. Analysis of existing reports allows us to conclude that there is a constant confusion of the cap-independent with the IRES-directed translation initiation. In fact, these two modes of translation initiation are not synonymous. We discuss here not numerous reports pointing to the existence of a cap- and IRES-independent scanning mechanism of translation initiation based on utilization of special RNA structures called cap-independent translational enhancers (CITE). We describe this mechanism and suggest it as an alternative to the concept of cellular IRESs. [ DOI ]

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