The Dirac particle in a one-dimensional “hydrogen atom”статья

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Дата последнего поиска статьи во внешних источниках: 18 июля 2013 г.

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[1] Sveshnikov K. A., Khomovskii D. I. The dirac particle in a one-dimensional “hydrogen atom” // Moscow University Physics Bulletin. — 2012. — Vol. 67, no. 4. — P. 358–363. Specific features of the behavior of the spectrum of steady states of the Dirac particle in a regularized “Coulomb” potential Vδ(z) = −q/(|z| + δ) as a function of the cutting parameter of δ in 1 + 1 D are investigated. It is shown that in such a one-dimensional relativistic “hydrogen atom” at δ ≪ 1, the discrete spectrum becomes a quasi-periodic function of δ; this effect depends on the bonding constant analytically and has no nonrelativistic analog. This property of the Dirac spectral problem clearly demonstrates the presence of a physically containable energy spectrum at arbitrary small δ > 0 and simultaneously the absence of the regular limiting transition to δ → 0. Thus, the necessity of extension of a definition for the Dirac Hamiltonian with irregularized potential in 1 + 1 D is confirmed at all nonzero values of the bonding constant q. It is also noted that the three-dimensional Coulomb problem possesses a similar property at q = Zα > 1, i.e., when the selfconsistent extension is required for the Dirac Hamiltonian with an irregularized potential. [ DOI ]

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