Appraisals of self and others in adolescents with affective and behavioral disordersстатья

Статья опубликована в журнале из списка Web of Science и/или Scopus
Дата последнего поиска статьи во внешних источниках: 20 декабря 2019 г.

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1. PSYRGGU2019F064.pdf PSYRGGU2019F064.pdf 211,7 КБ 15 июля 2019 [l_rasskazova]

[1] Appraisals of self and others in adolescents with affective and behavioral disorders / L. Pechnikova, E. Rasskazova, N. Luganskaia, A. Tkhostov // European Proceedings of Social and Behavioural Sciences. — 2019. — Vol. 63. — P. 493–498. In adolescence forming of personal and public selves is crucial for development and could be important factor of depressions and behavioral disorders. The aim of this study was to compare positive, negative and ambivalent appraisals of Self and Others in adolescents with affective disorders (depressive syndrome), behavioral disorder (psychopathic syndrome) and controls before and after self-focused attention. 51 adolescents 13-17 years old without mental illnesses, 40 adolescents with affective disorders and 41 adolescents with behavioral disorder of the same age filled (counterbalanced) two equivalent forms of Ambivalence in Appraisals of Self and Others scale before and after intervention provoking self-focused attention (concentration on how they perceive themselves and how their friends and enemies perceive them). In line with positive psychology perspective, positive and negative appraisals of Self and Others are not contrary to each other: depressive adolescents indeed perceive themselves less positively and more negatively, others more negatively (not less positively) than controls. Adolescents with psychopathic syndrome consider themselves and others more negatively (but not less positively) than controls. There were no differences in ambivalence of these appraisals between groups. Contrary to the hypothesis about the role self-focus in perpetuation of psychopathological symptoms, self-focused attention was related to less ambivalent appraisals of Self, more positive and less negative appraisals of Others. We suggest that self-focus could spontaneously function as psychotherapeutic technic close to Pennebaker’s writing not only for controls but also for adolescents with mental illnesses. [ DOI ]

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