[Etiology of severe hospital infections in intensive care units and antibiotic resistance of pathogens]статья

Дата последнего поиска статьи во внешних источниках: 14 января 2013 г.

Работа с статьей


[1] [etiology of severe hospital infections in intensive care units and antibiotic resistance of pathogens] / S. V. Sidorenko, S. P. Rezvan, L. V. Eremina et al. // Antibiotiki i khimioterapii͡a = Antibiotics and chemoterapy [sic] / Ministerstvo meditsinskoĭ i mikrobiologicheskoĭ promyshlennosti SSSR. — 2005. — Vol. 50, no. 2-3. — P. 33–41. The leading pathogens of severe infections in intensive care units were the following: respiratory tract infections–bacteria of the famility of Enterobacteriaceae (33.8%), Pseudomonas spp. (24.9%), Acinetobacter spp. (18.1%), Staphylococcus aureus (16.0%), blood flow infections–coagulase negative staphylococci (33.6%), S. aureus (26.1%), Enterobacteriaceae (17.6%), wound infections–Enterobacteriaceae (35.7%), coagulase negative staphyloccocci (17.8%), Pseudomonas spp. (14.3%). As for various species of Enterobacteriaceae, susceptibility was preserved in 91-100% of the isolates to meropenem, in 72-100% to cefoperazone/sulbactam, in 51-65% to cefepime, in 72-86% to amikacin, and in less than 50% to cephalosporins and fluoroquinolones. As for P.aeruginosa, 28% of the isolates was resistant to all the antibacterials, except polymyxin. The highest susceptibility to cefoperazone/sulbactam and meropenem was revealed in the isolates of Acinetobacter baumannii. Oxacillin resistance was detected in 64.9% of the S.aureus isolates. The oxacillin resistance as a rule was associated with resistance to macrolides, aminoglycosides and fluoroquinolones. As for coagulase negative staphylococci, oxacillin resistance was stated in 75.6% of the isolates. All the isolates of the Staphylococcus spp. preserved their susceptibility to vancomycin and linezolid.

Публикация в формате сохранить в файл сохранить в файл сохранить в файл сохранить в файл сохранить в файл сохранить в файл скрыть