Distribution and status of the manul in Central Asia and adjacent areasстатья

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1. Полный текст Barashkova_et_al_2019_Distribution_and_status_of_manul_in... 3,1 МБ 13 июня 2019 [andlis]

[1] Distribution and status of the manul in central asia and adjacent areas / B. Anna, S. Ilya, K. Vadim et al. // CATnews. — 2019. — no. 13. — P. 14–23. A significant portion of the manul’s Otocolobus manul global range is situated in the Central Asian countries Mongolia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan, and several adjacent provinces of Russia. We estimated the manul current Extent of Occurrence EOO in the region at 1,225,313 km2, which is about 84% of the predicted area of suitability calculated from the MaxEnt distribution model. Based on a conservative assessment of manul population density (4–8 cats/100 km2), we roughly estimated the regional population size at 49,000–98,000 manuls. Mongolia holds almost 60% of the estimated potential area of suitability in the region and over 50% of the estimated regional population. Kazakhstan and Russia both have relatively abundant manul populations while in Uzbekistan and Tajikistan the manul presence remains questionable. Killing by herding dogs, wildfires, and rodents poisoning are at present the main threats to the manul in this region. Manul is listed in the Red Data Books of Russia, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan. Hunting ban or regulation, respectively, and protected areas are currently the main conservation instruments for the species. Protected areas cover approximately 15% of the manul habitats in Mongolia, 12% in Russia, 7% in Kazakhstan, and 6% in Kyrgyzstan. We recognise a lack of knowledge regarding manul ecology and biology in the region, its geographical distribution, and a lack of correct assessment of its population size. These gaps should be filled to raise conservation efficiency. Conservation efforts should include securing manul and its habitats in key areas, minimising dog attacks and poaching, and establishing a broad, long-term monitoring.

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