The Impact of Region on the Perception of Psychological Well-being: Comparative Study in Russian Federationстатья Исследовательская статья

Дата последнего поиска статьи во внешних источниках: 15 августа 2019 г.

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1. Полный текст Shilko_Shaigerova_Zinchenko_et_al_2019.pdf 863,1 КБ 22 мая 2019 [shilko]

[1] The impact of region on the perception of psychological well-being: Comparative study in russian federation / R. S. Shilko, L. A. Shaigerova, Y. P. Zinchenko et al. // Proceedings of the 10th International Multi-Conference on Complexity, Informatics and Cybernetics. — Vol. 1. — International Institute of Informatics and Systemics Orlando, Florida, USA, 2019. — P. 137–142. In recent decades much research effort has focused on the different factors contributing to psychological well-being, but much less attention was paid to study such a factor as ethnocultural identity. The impact of ethnocultural identity on psychological wellbeing is considered within the framework of psychological functioning in general and in relation to more specific issues such as identity clarity, minority population life quality, and harmonious self-concept formation of immigrants. The aim of the research is clarifying the role of regional specificity in the psychological well-being. The study was conducted in eleven constituent territories of six Federal Districts of Russia: Central, Southern, North Caucasian, Volga, Siberian, and Northwestern (1,322 people). After analysis of objective indicators of well-being and social situation in the different regions of Russia the authors have measured the subjective experience of the social situation and psychological well-being by the population, relied on the following values: subjective assessment of social stability in general, subjective assessment of physical health and emotional state, assessment of safety degree in various life spheres. The results of the study showed that in general, Russians feel quite protected, and the level of their subjective safety is quite high. However, there can be some differences between objective indicators of well-being of the region and the subjective experience by the population. These differences were divided into 3 categories. Thus, the level of mental well-being can in some cases be higher than the level of objective well-being, while in other cases it can in general reflect the level of objective values, or they can be in general lower than the level of objective wellbeing. For example, citizens of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol demonstrate positive assessment of Russian society condition, high level of psychological safety and average satisfaction with the emotional state despite the fact that most parts of objective values are lower compared with other of the Russian Federation. Herewith, the population of Moscow and the Republic of Dagestan illustrates a lower level of subjective well-being compared with the level of objective well-being and in general with the positive social situation. Consequently, mental well-being as a personal feeling is ethnoculturally mediated perception of the social situation and need to be measured not only with objective well-being values on a scale of a country, but in relation on the subjective experience of the population.

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