Rehabilitation of the Northern Home: A Multigenerational Pathwayстатья Глава в книге

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Дата последнего поиска статьи во внешних источниках: 15 августа 2019 г.

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[1] Zaika Y. Rehabilitation of the northern home: A multigenerational pathway // Arctic Triupmh: Northern Innovation and Persistence. — Springer Polar Sciences. — Springer Nature Cham, Switzerland, 2019. — P. 59–80. The very beginning of Soviet times was marked by repressive politics of the state, targeting different individuals including prosperous peasants (kulaks). While being rich but hard-working farmers, these families were seen as one of the most important bases for the economic growth of the country. The ‘soft’ collectivisation to consolidate individual land and farms was therefore suggested by state economists and rejected by Stalin. Instead, the expropriation measures and repressive policies (dekulakisation) were largely applied throughout the country, dramatically influencing people’s destinies. A large number of peasant families was relocated to the harsh northern environments in order to build the industrial potential for the country’s prosperity. Later on, subsequent rehabilitation measures undertaken by the post-Stalin government brought little to no relief for the acceptance and understanding of this new Northern home. But this is a changing reality which spreads through several generations. This chapter is autoethnography of a member of a family which has been forcibly relocated by the state during the early 1930s from Pskov to the Murmansk region. It discusses the development and evolution of identity and the sense of the Northern home through four generations of a single family, from the painful disastrous relocation of great grandparents to the harsh unfriendly Arctic environment, and finally, towards the peaceful triumphant acceptance of the sweet Northern home by their great-grandchild. [ DOI ]

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