Transpiration of a mixed forest stand: Field measurements and simulation using SVAT modelsстатья

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[1] Transpiration of a mixed forest stand: Field measurements and simulation using svat models / A. Oltchev, J. Cermak, N. Nadezhdina et al. // Boreal Environment Research. — 2002. — Vol. 7, no. 4. — P. 389–397. Transpiration of a mixed spruce-aspen-birch forest at the Valday Hills in Russia was determined using sap flow measurements and two different SVAT (Soil-Vegetation-Atmosphere-Transfer) models. The more sophisticated Mixed Forest multi-layer SVAT model (MF-SVAT) considers water uptake and transpiration of each tree species individually, and the simple Multi-Layer (ML-SVAT) describes the forest stand using averaged effective parameters of canopy structure and tree physiology. Comparisons of modelled and measured transpiration rates under sufficient soil moisture conditions did not show any significant differences between two models. Under limited soil moisture conditions MF-SVAT described forest transpiration still realistically whereas ML-SVAT overestimated it by up to 50%. Drought in the upper soil layers reduced transpiration of spruces more than of deciduous trees due to differences in physiological properties and vertical root distribution. Individual regulation of the transpiration of different tree species is typical for mixed forests and cannot be accurately described with averaged parameterisation such as used in ML-SVAT.

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