Rapid tolerance to ethanol and high Voluntary alcohol consumption in mice selected for brain weightстатья

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Дата последнего поиска статьи во внешних источниках: 28 мая 2015 г.

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[1] Rapid tolerance to ethanol and high voluntary alcohol consumption in mice selected for brain weight / R. M. Salimov, N. V. Markina, O. V. Perepelkina et al. // I.P. Pavlov Journal of Higher Nervous Activity. — 2003. — Vol. 53, no. 1. — P. 100–106. Mice of two strains selected for small and large brain weight (SB and LB, respectively) had free access to 10% alcohol and water within three months. At the end of this period, they consumed alcohol in daily dose of 6.9±0.9 and 7.5±0.8 g/kg, respectively. After a period of imposed three-day abstinence, the alcohol consumption by the mice of these strains increased by 68.6 and 49.3%, respectively. Exploratory behavior of independent groups of mice from these strains was studied in the closed cross-maze. The animals were injected with ethanol (2.4 g/kg, i.p.) or vehicle twice with a weekly interval. In SB mice, the first ethanol administration increased the total time of maze exploration and the number of stereotyped visits. The second ethanol administration did not increase the time of exploraiton but increased the number of stereotyped visits even to the greater extent. The latter indicates the development of rapid tolerance and sensitization of these behaviors to the drug, respectively. The ethanol administration inhibited exploratory patrolling behavior and defecations. In LB mice, both the first and second ethanol administrations increased the number of stereotyped visits and decreased the exploration time and the number of defecations. The results do not support the psychomotor stimulant hypothesis of alcohol addiction. It is proposed that SB and LB mice may serve as models for Cloninger’s types 1 and 2 alcoholics and may be useful for investigation of neuropharmacological mechanisms of stimulatory and inhibitory effects of ethanol. © 2003.

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