Ecotoxicological effects of traffic-related pollutants in roadside soils of Moscowстатья

Статья опубликована в высокорейтинговом журнале

Информация о цитировании статьи получена из Scopus, Web of Science
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Дата последнего поиска статьи во внешних источниках: 10 апреля 2019 г.

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1. Полный текст The_full_version_link.pdf 41,6 КБ 14 февраля 2019 [LisovitskayaOV]

[1] Ecotoxicological effects of traffic-related pollutants in roadside soils of moscow / N. Olga, T. Vladimir, V. Maxim et al. // Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety. — 2019. — no. 172. — P. 538–546. The objective of this research is to find correlations between traffic-related contaminants in the roadside soils and their ecotoxicity. The study was conducted in Moscow in the vicinity of a highway of 125 000 vehicles per day. The topsoils (0–3 cm depth) were sampled perpendicular to the road at 1-, 6-, 10-, 18- and 50-m distances from the roadbed. Total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPH), polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), heavy metals (HM) in total and phyto-available forms, and deicing salts (DS) were determined. A battery of soil-contacting organisms was tested: phytotoxicity of rye (H. vulgare L.) and garden cress (L. sativum L.); E. foetida earthworm growth rate and mortality; basal and substrate-induced respiration activity, nitrogen fixation and the denitrification activity of the soil microbial complex. To determine the possible risk to aquatic ecosystems, the algal toxicity test (S. quadricauda) was provided. Correlations between chemical data and intensity of biological effects were analyzed. Concentrations of most contaminants declined to the background values with distance from the road increase. However, the toxicity of roadside soils was obtained for all examined organisms within the whole 50 m zone. Live organisms exhibited different sensitivities to roadside soils pollution. The intensity of inhibition effects decreased in order: higher plants > earthworms and microorganisms > algae. The risk for aquatic ecosystems was assessed as low. Higher plants toxicity correlated with TPH, PAH, some HM, and DS; earthworm toxicity correlated with TPH, some PAH, HM, and DS; microorganism toxicity correlated with TPH and DS; algae had no observed correlations with contaminants. TPH and DS were general ecotoxicants affecting all organisms. Higher plants may be considered the PAH indicators and earthworms as HM indicators. A set of higher plants and earthworms may be recommended as the reduced test-battery of relevant organisms for cost-effective assessment of the toxicity of roadside soils. The full text is available via the link: [ DOI ]

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