A new species of deep-sea Tegastidae (Crustacea : Copepoda : Harpacticoida) from 9 degrees 50 ’ N on the East Pacific Rise, with remarks on its ecologyстатья

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Дата последнего поиска статьи во внешних источниках: 29 мая 2015 г.

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[1] Gollner S., Ivanenko V. N., Arbizu P. M. A new species of deep-sea tegastidae (crustacea : Copepoda : Harpacticoida) from 9 degrees 50 ’ n on the east pacific rise, with remarks on its ecology // Zootaxa. — 2008. — no. 1866. — P. 323–336. Both male and female of the new deep-sea species Smacigastes barti sp. nov. (Tegastidae, Sars) are described in detail. Copepoda is one of the most diversified taxa at deep-sea hydrothermal vents, but only one species of the family Tegastidae has been described from this habitat and other deep-sea environments. Smacigastes barti is the second species of the genus Smacigastes Ivanenko & Defaye, 2004, and was found in artificial substrates deployed in the vicinity of and 0.5 m from tubeworm aggregations at the 9 degrees 50 ’ N region on the East Pacific Rise at 2500 meters depth. The derived character states of the new species are the lack of coxal endites on the maxilla, and 2-segmented exopods of swimming legs 2 and 3, the latter being the result of the fusion of the 2 proximal segments. An identification key to all known genera of Tegastidae is provided. Interestingly, the distribution of S. barti showed that it does not tolerate elevated temperatures and/or the presence of hydrogen sulfide or oxygen fluctuations, although both species of this genus were found in deep-sea chemosynthetic environments.

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