Cracks in functionally graded materialsстатья

Информация о цитировании статьи получена из Scopus, Web of Science
Дата последнего поиска статьи во внешних источниках: 16 января 2019 г.

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[1] Cracks in functionally graded materials / H. Bahr, H. Balke, T. Fett et al. // Materials Science and Engineering A. — 2003. — Vol. 362, no. 1-2. — P. 2–16. The weight function method is described to analyze the crack growth behavior in functionally graded materials and in particular materials with a rising crack growth resistance curve. Further, failure of graded thermal barrier coatings (TBCs) under cyclic surface heating by laser irradiation is modeled on the basis of fracture mechanics. The damage of both graded and non-graded TBCs is found to develop in several distinct stages: vertical cracking → delamination → blistering → spalling. This sequence can be understood as an effect of progressive shrinkage due to sintering and high-temperature creep during thermal cycling, which increases the energy-release rate for vertical cracks which subsequently turn into delamination cracks. The results of finite element modeling, taking into account the TBC damage mechanisms, are compatible with experimental data. An increase of interface fracture toughness due to grading and a decrease due to ageing have been measured in a four-point bending test modified by a stiffening layer. Correlation with the damage observed in cyclic heating is discussed. It is explained in which way grading is able to reduce the damage. [ DOI ]

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